Secrets of Artemis Glossary

From the back of the book:

ACTAEON: Son of Aristaeus and Autonoe. Hunting partner to Artemis, until he was caught spying on her.

APOLLO: Olympian. Son of Zeus and Leto. God of truth, prophecy, and medicine. Lives in Delphi. Twin brother of Artemis.

ARCADIA: Modern-day Tripoli; a rich and rolling land in the south of Greece. Home to Pan, the satyr god of forests and fertility.

ARTEMIS: Olympian. Daughter of Zeus and Leto. Maiden goddess of the hunt, the wilderness, the moon and childbirth. Twin sister of Apollo. Often depicted as a robust young woman with short dark hair.

ASCLEPIUS: Son of Apollo. God of healing.

ATALANTA: An Arcadian princess, daughter of King Iasius. She was left to die of exposure as an infant, because she was a girl. Artemis rescued her. Atalanta grew up to be a cheerful woman and impressive hunter, and pledged an oath of virginity to her patron goddess, Artemis.

AURA: Goddess of wind and breezes. A virginal huntress, once a companion to Artemis, until succumbing to hubris.

BRONTES: Chief of the Cyclops.

CHIOS: An island north of Crete, and east of Greece’s mainland, ruled by Oenopion.

CHITON: A long, robe-like tunic worn in Ancient Greece.

CHLAMYS: A short cloak or cape worn by males in Ancient Greece.

CRETE: An island south of mainland of Greece, where the terrain includes mountains, forests and beaches. Its king was Minos and its capitol Knossos.

CYCLOPES: Plural of Cyclops. A Cyclops is a large, one-eyed mythical ogre that worked the forges and crafted Zeus’s lightning bolts, among other things.

DEMETER: Goddess of the harvest, earth and grain. Mother of Persephone.

DIONYSUS: God of grapes and wine, also known for inducing wild religious madness and ecstasy.

THE FATES: Three sisters who determine the “thread of life,” and each soul’s destiny.

HADES: God of the Underworld. Brother of Zeus. Hades’ name can also be synonymous with the Underworld itself.

HEPHAESTUS: Son of Zeus. A crippled but powerful smithing god, in some tales married to the goddess of beauty, Aphrodite.

HERA: Olympian. Zeus’s wife and goddess of marriage, women and family. Hera’s legendary jealousy of her ever-unfaithful husband drives her to exercise her wrath over Zeus’s many mistresses and illegitimate children.

HERMES: Messenger of the gods, as well as the god of travel and communication, who wears a pair of winged sandals.

IAKKHOS: Aura’s son, whom Artemis rescued from his mother’s murderousness, and gave to Demeter.

IASIUS: King of Arcadia. He left his infant daughter, Atalanta, in the forest or on a mountaintop to die. (In some stories, he and Atalanta are reunited in her adulthood, but he wishes to award her a husband, while his daughter has taken an oath of chastity.)

LETO: Mother of Apollo and Artemis.

LIPARA: Modern-day Sicily, where Artemis is believed to have obtained her silver bow and arrows, as crafted by Brontes and the Cyclopes at Hephaestus’s forge.

LYRE: A small, harp-like musical instrument, designed by Hermes for Apollo.

MEROPE: From Chios. Oenopion’s daughter, in some stories said to have been raped by Orion.

MOUNT OLYMPUS: Home of the Olympian gods and their palace.

MUSES: The nine daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne. Each is a patron of the arts, such as poetry and music.

NEMESIS: Goddess of divine justice and retribution, especially avenging hubris against the gods.

NYMPHS: Nature spirits, usually depicted as lovely maidens who embody trees, streams, and other plants or small bodies of water.

OCEANID: A daughter of Oceanus; a nymph of the sea or ocean.

OCEANUS: God of the sea. 

OENOPION: Ruler of Chios. God of wine. In some tales, he blinded the giant, Orion.

OREAD: A mountain nymph.

ORION: Son of Poseidon and Euryale (a Cretan princess). Orion was a giant huntsman with an unbreakable bronze club and a black dog named Sirius (translation: Scorch). He was a close hunting companion to Artemis, and is believed to be the only god to have ever captured her heart. Many differing tales circulate about his death, from the sting of the Scorpion, to Apollo tricking Artemis into killing her friend. In some myths, he was one of the few souls that Asclepius resurrected from the dead.

PAN: Satyr god of goats, sex, fertility and the forest. Often depicted as a merry, virile goat-man with a beard, horns, and/or playing the pan flute, which is named for him. 

SIDE: A beautiful mortal woman, in some myths Orion’s first wife, whom Hera banished to Hades for her vanity.

STYX: The river that marks the border of Earth and the Underworld. The dead must cross it to enter the Underworld, and may (typically) never cross back.

THE UNDERWORLD: The land of the dead, where Hades resides. Also referred to as Hades.

ZEUS: Olympian king of the gods. Father to Apollo, Artemis, and innumerable others. Husband of Hera, though he takes many extramarital lovers and sires countless children with them. He is god of the sky, thunder and lightning, and the law.

NYMPHS & DRYADS
In alphabetical order:
Argia
Cleodora
Daphne
Dryadea
Elaia
Ephyra
Ianira
Ivy
Lysithia
Morea
Paetra
Thoe


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Text copyright C.K. Brooke 2015.